Marine Meteorology and Space

The Marine Meteorology and Space program sponsors innovative basic and applied research in the broad thrust areas of atmospheric prediction, atmospheric effects, air-sea interaction, marine boundary layer processes and space environment. Emphasis is placed on basic research aimed at improving the fundamental understanding of atmospheric processes, and applied research on the data, analysis and prediction systems for forecasting environmental parameters critical to Navy and Marine Corps operations in marine and littoral zones. Advanced technology development supports promising applied research from proof-of-concept through operational deployment.

Research Concentration Areas

  • Atmospheric prediction addresses topics in global, mesoscale and on-scene modeling focused on the marine atmosphere and coastal zone. Topics of recent interest include:
    • Tropical cyclone behavior and evolution, especially genesis, intensity (including rapid intensification) and structure issues in the Western Pacific
    • Improved global and mesoscale prediction in the Arctic
    • Global atmospheric oscillations (e.g. MJO, NAO, etc.) and teleconnections
    • Development of physical parameterizations suitable for near-real-time, high spatial and temporal resolution environmental prediction
  • Atmospheric effects places emphasis on improving the modeling and prediction of environmental effects on electromagnetic and electro-optic propagation critical to Navy and Marine Corps platform, sensor, weapons and communications performance. Topics of interest include:
    • Marine boundary layer aerosols, turbulence and visibility
    • Aerosol-cloud-radiation interaction
    • Atmospheric refractivity, particularly near the surface
  • Air-sea interaction is closely coordinated with the Physical Oceanography program, and it encompasses process studies and coupled-model development extending from the top of the atmospheric boundary layer to the bottom of the ocean mixed layer. Topics of interest include:
    • Marine boundary layer dynamics
    • Cloud-topped boundary layer processes and microphysics
  • Space environment research interests include:
    • Improved specification of the global ionosphere
    • Studies of ionospheric irregularities which impact radio frequency propagation at all frequencies up to and including those used by GPS

Research Challenges and Opportunities

  • Improving the understanding of processes in the marine atmosphere that will enable the next generation of coupled (land/ocean/ice/atmosphere) prediction systems
  • Enhancing the skill of current regional and global prediction systems through novel use of improved physics and numerics, observations and data assimilation
  • Improving the predictability of the atmosphere over the Arctic

For More Information

Watch ONR's tropical cyclone research video:

We encourage the submission of a planning letter (a brief description of your scientific idea and budget estimate) so that we can provide programmatic and technical feedback prior to writing a full proposal. Submit planning letters to the program officers listed below, preferably by June 1st for the upcoming fiscal year.

Program Contact Information

Name: Dr. Daniel P. Eleuterio

Title: Program Officer

Department: Code 322

Email for Questions:

How to Submit

For detailed application and submission information for this research topic, please see our Funding Opportunities page and refer to broad agency announcement (BAA) No. N00014-20-S-B001.

  • Contracts: All white papers and full proposals for contracts must be submitted through FedConnect; instructions are included in the BAA.
  • Grants: All white papers for grants must be submitted through FedConnect, and full proposals for grants must be submitted through; instructions are included in the BAA.

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