Polymeric Organic Materials: Conducting/Semiconducting Polymers
The Office of Naval Research Functional Polymeric/Organic Materials program supported the research that led to the discovery of high-electrical conductivity in doped conjugated polymers. In the past, the program supported research towards improving the stability of conducting polymers and developing conducting polymers for several anti-static applications. As semiconducting properties emerged, the research was focused on organic light-emitting diodes and non-linear optical applications.
At this time, the primary focus is on photovoltaic devices and the design, synthesis, assembly, fabrication and characterization of the active materials in these devices. Research is primarily conducted on organic and hybrid thin-film approaches including bulk heterojunction and planar device architectures. Developing low-cost, potentially disposable, light-weight flexible organic and/or polymeric thin-film photovoltaics is critical for military use in distributed operations. Possible applications include the ability to recharge batteries in-field as well as helping to power sensors and unmanned undersea vehicles. Closely related to this program is work on thin-film dielectric capacitors for energy storage.
- Flexible organic and/or polymeric thin-film photovoltaics
- Nonlinear optical films
- Data processing
- Light-emitting diodes
- Piezoelectric and electrostrictive materials for acoustic sensing or transduction
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