The Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology and Space program sponsors innovative basic and applied research in the broad thrust areas of atmospheric prediction, atmospheric effects, air-sea interaction, marine boundary layer processes and space environment. Emphasis is placed on research aimed at improving data, analysis and prediction systems for describing and forecasting environmental parameters critical to Navy and Marine Corps operations in marine and littoral zones, tactical sensor support and system development.
Atmospheric prediction addresses topics in global, mesoscale and on-scene modeling focused on the marine atmosphere and coastal zone. Topics of recent interest include: tropical cyclone behavior and evolution, especially unique genesis, intensity and structure issues in the Western Pacific; global atmospheric oscillations and teleconnections, and development of physical parameterizations suitable for near-real-time, high spatial and temporal resolution environmental prediction.
Atmospheric effects places emphasis on topics that aim to improve the modeling and prediction of environmental effects on electromagnetic and electro-optic propagation critical to Navy and Marine Corps platform, sensor, weapons and communications performance. Topics of interest include: marine boundary layer aerosols, aerosol-cloud-radiation interaction and atmospheric refractivity.
Air-sea interaction is closely coordinated with the Physical Oceanography program, and it encompasses process studies and coupled-model development extending from the top of the atmospheric boundary layer to the bottom of the ocean mixed layer. Topics of interest include marine boundary layer dynamics and cloud-topped boundary layer processes and microphysics.
Space environment research interests include improved specification of the global ionosphere and studies of ionospheric irregularities which impact radio frequency propagation at all frequencies up to and including those used by GPS. Investigations of space weather phenomena are directed toward improved understanding and forecast of ionospheric and thermospheric processes and disturbances, and upper atmospheric composition and dynamics.
New Department Research Initiative, Call for Planning Letters
Under the Marine Meteorology Program, ONR has created a new departmental research initiative, or DRI, to investigate improvements in Arctic cyclone prediction and its relationship to the tropopause polar vortex (TPV). For more information review the call for planning letters for ONR's DRI on Overcoming the Barrier to Extended Range Prediction over the Arctic. For full consideration for FY18 funding, planning letter submissions to the core program and the DRI are due by July 1, 2017.